The Crown Jewels form the centerpiece of the royal coronation and symbolize the pomp and history of the British monarchy over the centuries.

The Imperial State Crown

The crown was commissioned for the coronation of King George VI in 1937.

Used for official events such as the official opening of parliament, Queen Elizabeth II wore it after her coronation ceremony.

The crown bears 2,868 diamonds, 269 pearls, 17 sapphires and 11 emeralds.

It weighs 1,060 grams (2.3 pounds) and is 31.5 centimeters (12.4 inches) tall.

The second largest cut stone in the Cullinan Diamond – the largest diamond ever mined – adorns the front.

The ruler’s scepter

A golden rod with a globe, a cross and a dove at the top, the scepter design symbolizes the Christian Holy Spirit.

It is associated with the pastoral role of the monarch towards the people.

It weighs 1,150 grams and is 110.2 centimeters long.

The ruler’s scepter

The scepter represents the temporal power and good governance of the monarch and complements the spiritual power symbolized by the ruler’s scepter with cross.

It weighs 1,170 grams and is 92.2 centimeters long.

The largest colorless cut diamond in the world, the Cullinan I, reigns at the top. It weighs 106 grams and is known as the “first star of Africa”.

The weight of the diamond forced the scepter to be reinforced in 1910.

The Sovereign’s Orb

The orb represents the power of the monarch and the Christian world.

The gold jewel is surrounded by a band of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and pearls and topped with amethyst and a cross.

It is 27.5 centimeters tall and weighs 1,320 grams.

The golden bulb

The eagle-shaped vessel holds the consecrated oil used in coronation ceremonies.

The head of the eagle detaches to allow oil to be poured into the vase.

The design is based on a legend that the Virgin Mary appeared to medieval English saint Thomas Becket and presented him with a golden eagle and oil to anoint future English kings.

It weighs 660 grams and measures 20.7 x 10.4 centimeters.

Spurs

Gold, leather, velvet and gold thread make up one of the oldest parts of British royal coronation paraphernalia.

The use of spurs to represent chivalry in coronations dates back to the coronation of Richard I in 1189.

Spurs were traditionally attached to the king’s feet during coronation ceremonies but presented and placed on the altar of queens.

The Cullinan Diamond

It was the largest diamond ever mined when it was discovered in South Africa in 1905, weighing 621 grams in its uncut state.

The Transvaal government presented it to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday in 1907 as a sign of reconciliation after the Second Boer War (1899-1902).

Three Asschers employees from Amsterdam worked 14 hour days for eight months to cut and polish nine large stones from the original gem.

When the workers started to cut the diamond, the first blow broke the knife rather than the diamond.

Crown of Saint Edward

Crown jeweler Robert Viner did so in 1661 for the coronation of King Charles II, after the previous medieval crown was melted down by Parliamentary rebels in 1649 during the English Civil War.

Monarchs did not wear the solid gold crown in coronation ceremonies for over 200 years because it was too heavy.

It weighs 2,040 grams and measures 30.2 centimeters.

coronation ring

The ring dates back to the coronation of King William IV in 1831.

Queen Victoria did not wear it for her coronation in 1838 because her fingers were too small.

Estate Purple Dress

Twelve seamstresses from the Royal School of Needlework took 3,500 hours to make it.

The robe is made of silk and embroidered with the monarch’s monogram, ears of wheat and olive branches.

– The Stone of Scone –

Also known as the “Stone of Destiny”, it is the ancient symbol of the Scottish monarchy.

The sandstone slab weighs 152 kilograms (335.1 pounds).

English King Edward I seized it in 1296 and incorporated it to the throne of Westminster, London.

Scottish Nationalists stole it from Westminster Abbey in London in 1950 and it later reappeared at Arbroath Abbey, Scotland. He was officially returned to Scotland in 1996.

The stone will only leave Scotland again for a coronation at Westminster Abbey.

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