Grade 12 students during their break at Tran Nhan Tong High School in Hanoi (Photo: VNA)

Hanoi (VNS/VNA) – The Culture and Education Committee of the National Assembly (AN) asked the
Ministry of Education and Training reverse a previous decision and make history a compulsory subject at secondary level.

Nguyen Thi Mai Hoa, vice-president of the committee, said that following a new survey on the implementation of the new general education curriculum for history in high schools, the majority were not d agreement with the Ministry’s announcement that it would no longer be a compulsory subject during the 2022-23 academic year.

There are a few reasons for the disagreement, according to the vice president.

History is considered a particularly important subject, playing a key role in the political and ideological education of future generations.

Secondary school students, ages 15 to 17, have a more mature awareness so they can learn more about history than younger students.

It is also age that determines the education of students in worldviews, nature, society, principles, codes of conduct and human values.

Hoa added that promoting historical knowledge for high school students is necessary to develop a whole human being, awaken patriotic traditions, national pride, beliefs and aspirations to develop a prosperous country for the Vietnamese people.

Therefore, the committee requested the ministry to regulate history as a compulsory subject in high schools.

Giving her opinion on the matter, NA MK Nguyen Thi Kim Thuy said that all basic knowledge of Vietnam and world history has been made compulsory at the high school level.

If history becomes a compulsory subject, the whole curriculum must be revised, according to Thuy.

At the secondary level, history is currently integrated with current political topics. the storyeconomic history, history of civilizations and cultural history.

These are in-depth contents helping students, who are oriented towards the study of humanities and social sciences, to approach their future career.

New grade 10 textbooks have also been written following the lead, she said.

“We couldn’t use the extensive history textbooks to teach all students,” she said.

Thuy said the process of developing and promulgating the new general education curriculum consulted with all relevant agencies before being implemented.

History, before being announced as an elective subject, also received the consensus of the Association of Historical Sciences, she said.

“We need to carefully consider whether the change that regulates history as a compulsory subject is appropriate or not with only three months until the start of the school year,” she said.

Earlier, education authorities announced a new general education curriculum under which, starting from the 2022-23 school year, there will be only five compulsory subjects, and the rest will be optional.

History will be one of the optional subjects along with other social sciences such as geography, economics and law.

The National Assembly issued resolution 88 on November 28, 2014, on the renovation of the general education program and textbooks.

It stipulated that 12-year general education comprised two cycles: the cycle of fundamental education, consisting of five years of primary education and four years of secondary education, followed by three years of career-oriented high school.

Under the new general education curriculum, history is charged with educating in patriotism and inspiring national pride. History will be taught in secondary schools for all grades, from sixth to ninth. Students will be equipped with basic knowledge of world and Vietnamese history.

History will be taught with in-depth content in secondary education, helping students better understand the knowledge they have acquired. The subject is among five social science subjects.

Nguyen Thi Viet Nga, NA deputy from Hai Duong province, who also agreed that history should be a compulsory subject, said, “Teaching history is never useless.

Nga also said that research shows that currently students are not interested in the subject. The reason is not that the topic is unattractive but because it is academically heavy, complicated, and the presentation is quite boring.

At the same time, the teaching and examination of the material still follow the old method. They still require students to memorize facts and figures.

She suggested a shift towards encouraging children to see and evaluate historical events, not just learn passively.

Committee chairman Nguyen Dac Vinh said that when history becomes compulsory, it will not mean that all students will be required to learn all the in-depth curriculum content of the subject.

At the same time, he also suggested that the ministry continue to drive innovation in subject teaching and examination instead of only requiring students to remember numbers and events, did he declare./.


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