Today in History
Today is Thursday, August 4, the 216th day of 2022. There are 149 days left in the year.
Today’s high point in history
On August 4, 1944, 15-year-old columnist Anne Frank was arrested along with her sister, parents and four others by the Gestapo after hiding for two years in an apartment building in Amsterdam. (Anne and her sister, Margot, died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.)
To this date :
In 1790, the US Coast Guard got its start when President George Washington signed a measure authorizing a group of revenue cutters to enforce tariff and trade laws and prevent smuggling.
In 1830, plans for the city of Chicago were drawn up.
In 1916, the United States made a deal with Denmark to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million.
In 1936, Jesse Owens of the United States won the second of his four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics by winning the long jump ahead of Germany’s Luz Long, who was the first to congratulate him. .
In 1964, the bodies of missing civil rights activists Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Mississippi.
In 1972, Arthur Bremer was convicted and sentenced in Upper Marlboro, Maryland to 63 years in prison for attempting the life of Alabama Governor George C. Wallace (the sentence was later reduced to 53 years; Bremer was released from prison in 2007).
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy.
In 1987, the Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to abolish the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues.
In 1993, a federal judge sentenced Los Angeles police officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 2½ years in prison for violating Rodney King’s civil rights.
In 2009, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il pardoned American journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee for entering the country illegally and ordered their release during a surprise visit by former US President Bill Clinton.
In 2019, a masked gunman shot revelers enjoying the summer nightlife in a popular entertainment district in Dayton, Ohio, killing nine and injuring 27; police said officers shot and killed the gunman within 30 seconds of beginning his rampage.
In 2020, nearly 3,000 tons of ammonium nitrate improperly stored for years in the port of Beirut, Lebanon, exploded, killing more than 200 people, injuring more than 6,000 and devastating nearby neighborhoods; it was one of the largest non-nuclear explosions ever recorded.
Ten years ago: Michael Phelps won the 18th Olympic gold medal of his career as the United States won the medley relay at the London Games. The United States set a world record by winning the women’s medley relay. Serena Williams beat Maria Sharapova 6-0, 6-1 to join Steffi Graf as the only woman to complete the Golden Slam – winning the Olympics and all four major tournaments. Three British athletes have won gold medals at the Olympic Stadium: Jessica Ennis in the heptathlon; Greg Rutherford in the men’s long jump; and Mo Farah in the men’s 10,000 meters.
Five years ago: Former pharmaceutical industry CEO Martin Shkreli, who rose to fame in a price-gouging scandal, was found guilty of misleading investors in a pair of failing hedge funds. (Shkreli was sentenced months later to seven years in prison.) The jobless rate fell to 4.3%, matching the 16-year low recorded in May, as employers added 209,000 jobs.
A year ago, Sydney McLaughlin broke the world record and Dalilah Muhammad also broke it in an American double in the women’s 400m hurdles at the Tokyo Olympics. Canada’s Andre De Grasse won Olympic gold in the 200 meters five years after finishing second to Usain Bolt in Rio; De Grasse won in a national record time of 19.62 seconds. Belarusian Olympic sprinter Krystsina Tsimanouskaya, who feared for her safety at home after criticizing her coaches on social media, flew to Warsaw on a humanitarian visa after leaving the Tokyo Olympics.
Today’s birthdays: Actor-singer Tina Cole turns 79. Actor-comedian Richard Belzer is 78 years old. Football Hall of Famer John Riggins is 73 years old. Former attorney general Alberto Gonzales is 67. Actor-screenwriter Billy Bob Thornton is 67 years old. Actor Kym Karath (Movie: “The Sound of Music”) is 64 years old. Hall of Fame star Mary Decker Slaney is 64. Actor Lauren Tom is 63 years old. Former President Barack Obama is 61 years old. Producer Michael Gelman (TV: “Live with Kelly & Ryan”) is 61. Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Roger Clemens is 60. Actor Crystal Chappell is 57 years old. Author Dennis Lehane is 57 years old. Rock musician Rob Cieka (Boo Radleys) is 54 years old. Actor Daniel Dae Kim is 54 years old. racing driver Jeff Gordon is 51 years old. Rapper-actor Yo-Yo is 51 years old. R&B singer-actor Marques (MAR’-kus) Houston is 41 years old. The British Duchess of Sussex, former actress Meghan Markle, is 41 years old. Actor Abigail Spencer is 41. Actress/director Greta Gerwig is 39. Country singer Crystal Bowersox (TV: “American Idol”) is 37. Actors Dylan and Cole Sprouse are 30 years old. Singer Jessica Sanchez (TV: “American Idol”) is 27 years old.